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  • Religion
  • Various forms of Tengriism and Shamanism have been widely practiced throughout the history of what is now modern day Mongolia; as such beliefs were common among nomadic people in Asian history. Such beliefs mostly gradually gave way to Tibetan Buddhism, but Shamanism has left a mark on Mongolian religious culture.
  • Indeed, it continues to be practiced. Some archaeologists believe that shamanism, the native religion, existed in Mongolia as early as 10,000 to 40,000 years ago.

    Mongolians are very religious people and stay faithful to their belief during their whole life. Even though, last few years other religious groups like Christians flow introduced to Mongolia strongly most of the people still belief in Buddhism. Tibetan Buddhism is the main religion it represents 80% of Mongolian population; however, elements of 4% Muslims, 6% of Christians and Shamanism are also practiced. As of 2004, there were 186 religious centers operating in Mongolia. Of this total, 112 are Buddhist monasteries and 65 are Christian. These numbers, however, are disproportionate to the actual practitioners of Christianity and Buddhism. Despite this, Buddhism has undergone a revival since 1990, resulting in the construction of dozens of new monasteries, and the restoration of temples destroyed in the 1930s. The Buddhist art school at Gandan Monastery is thriving and high lamas from Tibet, Nepal and India have trips to Mongolia. « less
  • Mongolia in the 13th century
  • Mongolia is famous for its heritage of ancient history in the world. The historic heritage of Mongolia is mainly related to Chinggis Khaan, the warrior-statesman, who in the 13th century, united the Mongolian people into a strong nation and conquered a swath of the world from modern-day Korea to southern Russia and in invading deep into Europe, and the cultural achievements of his grandson, Khubilai Khan, in China are well-known in world history.
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  • Mongolia in 20th century
  • After the collapse of the empire, Mongolia was subjugated by Manchu dynasty for 200 hundred years, and then in 1911 the Mongols Monarchy was established.
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  • Modern Mongolia
  • In 1990’s, Mongolia transferred to Free Market economy and Democracy, and set the goal of building “democratic human socialism” based on a multi-party democracy. The great civilization started with the support of Soviet Union. In January 1992, a new constitution was established.
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  • Geography
  • Mongolia, the ancient nomadic Mongols is located in the heart of Central Asia. It borders with the Russia in the north and the People's Republic of China in the south. Mongolia's total land area is 604,250 square miles (1,564,116 km²).
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  • Climate
  • This is a country with hot in the summer and extremely cold in the winter, with January averages dropping as low as -30°C (-22°F). The country is also subject to occasional harsh climatic conditions known as zud. Ulan Bator has the lowest average temperature of any national capital in the world.
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  • Population
  • Mongolia has a population of approximately 2.7 million (the rest are minority peoples in China and the Soviet Union), population density is only 3.6 persons per square mile. The population is split between urban and rural dwellers. Except for a concentration of 1,000,000 people in Ulaanbaatar, the capital, the rest of the population is sparsely distributed in rural urban areas in the vast countryside.
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  • People
  • Based on Mongolia's history, particularly the tales of Chinggis Khan, visitors sometimes expect modern Mongolians to be rough, warlike, or even hostile towards strangers.
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  • National holidays
  • • New Year's Day - 1st January,

    • Tsagaan Sar - According to Lunar Calendar,

    • Mother & Children's Day - 1st June,

    • National Naadam Festival - 11-13th of July

    • Independence Day - 26th November.
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  • Nomads
  • Present-day Mongolia is famous for its heritage of ancient history, culture and arts, specific traditions and custom, indigenous species of the world's rare animals. Two distinctive features of the Mongolian culture are nomadic way of life and Tibetan Buddhism that widespread as the major religion in Mongolia.
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  • Ulaanbaatar
  • Ulaanbaatar, which means Red Hero, is the capital and the largest city of Mongolia. It is the country’s main center of politics, business and finance, culture and science. About half of the country's populations live in the capital city. Ulaanbaatar was founded in 1639 as Urguu a mobile monastery-town, it was often moved to various places along the Selenge, Orkhon and Tuul rivers. In 1778, the city settled for good at its current location, near the confluence of the Selbe and Tuul rivers and beneath Bogd Khan Uul, back then also on the caravan route from Beijing to Kyakhta. The city consists of a central district built in Soviet 1940s and 1950s-style architecture, surrounded by and mingled with residential concrete tower blocks and large yurt quarters. In recent years, a lot of the towerblock's ground floors have been modified and upgraded to small shops, and many new buildings have been erected.
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